Definition of Analogy
According to www.dictionary.com Analogy can be defined as
a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based
Which means that analogy is a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of the known similarity between the things in other respects. It is also termed as Paired Approach.
Crayon : Coloring :: ___ : ___
a. Varnish : Polishing
b. Pattern : Sketching
c. Machine : Duplicating
d. Cloth : Patching
e. Paper : Printing
A good way of expressing relationship between the pair of words in question is by thinking of a sentence which would relate the two words together. So your sentence should look like this: A crayon is used for coloring.” Now test each of the choices by using this analyzer: “A ____is used for ____.”
A Varnish is used for polishing.”
A Pattern is used for sketching.”
A Machine is used for duplicating.”
A Cloth is used for patching.”
A Paper is used for printing.”
The pair of words that are related to each other in the same way as Crayon : Coloring is Varnish : Polishing, so the correct answer is (e).
Analogies constitutes an important part for assessing command over English in entrance or admission tests. Most of the tests has these kind of question presented in the form of MCQS.